Part one -
When you perform Search and Rescue in the Arizona deserts, it comes quite clear that water is everything. Without it, you cannot survive long in normal conditions and even less time in drastic conditions. Even if you are rescued before perishing you may have sustained kidney damage and will require intense medical assistance and long stays under the care of a hospital. So priority one is water. Look at it as air, you need air / oxygen. Without it, you will die in just a few minutes, or become brain damage and disabled for life.
I can remember the reports of those who did survive earthquakes or other disasters and had to go three, five or longer days without water to only die from complications due to the extreme dehydration causing organ failure. I think I made my point how important water is.
Now, even if you have access to water what is the quality of the water? Has
it become contaminated? Sickness and decease is seen all over the world from contaminated
water. It has been a problem from day one and has been a main cause of whole civilizations
dwindling in population due to sickness and disease. If you become sick from the
water, dehydration will come quickly due to you’re bodies purging and your fever
rising. So clean non-
So I am going to focus on water storage, filtration and decontamination to give you the purist of purified water possible under the circumstances. Note I said circumstances. When disasters happen, water is one of the first things to loose through contamination and render it useless to your survival.
I can remember in Pennsylvania during the 1970’s, my birthplace. Flooding occurred
referred to as the hundred-
Storage of water would prove to be the main action to prepare for such a situation.
Keeping it in a safe cool dry place is a concern but manageable. However, not all
of us have the ability to store water in large quantities. Especially, those in large
cities where living spaces prohibit large areas of storage such as apartments and
so on. Sealed bottled water in small or large containers is the obvious choice in
those matters. Remember in order to have non-
The public in general thinks wastewater is all gravity flow away from their home. Yes and no to that. It may flow away to a point, but then there is what is called forced mains that then pump the wastewater up to higher elevations when necessary. So from that point back to your home, you stand the change in time of it all backing up and finally back feeding into your homes. The good news is with no power then there is no water flow to your home, so then introducing extra water into the sewage system would be slow since it probably would only be waste and not run off from baths and showers. But during flooding or extreme rains. This all can find its way into the wastewater system. Causing the backups to accelerate.
So let's look at supply and demand. In normal conditions human consumption of water is minimal when we only look at surviving. A few glasses a day could sustain you for weeks. If you live in the deserts where there is low humidity and high temperatures this greatly increases. So the need for more water obviously increases and the need for greater storage increases as well. We are not discussing bathing or any cooking using water at this point. Only what is necessary to sustain you for a given period of time. Now, when you store water, you need to keep it cool and away from sunlight. I preferably use sealed containers to keep oxygen away and slowing down bacteria and other contaminates from forming or entering the container. Especially if floodwaters potentially can come in contact with the storage containers.
Containers are a concern for the possibilities to contributing contaminates to the water, leaching from plastics or degrading of materials resulting in expelling harmful toxic chemicals into the stored water should be taken seriously. Polycarbonate and BPA free are recommended. Stainless steel would be my choice, but not practical for most. Glass would be the alternative, but can be damage easily. So care must be taken when transporting glass, or secure it just in case there is some kind of earth shaking event that could fracture these containers.
Never use a container that you cannot verify as to what was stored in it beforehand, or what it was used for prior to your needs. Stay away from all toxic poisonous containers. Even if you wash them with detergents and long term flushing, they still can leach remnant poisons into the stored water, especially over time and in warm condition. So do not use these containers no matter what!
As a geranial rule, the higher the temperature the more toxins can leach out
from the containers into the water. This can be referred to as out gassing. This
is where paying attention to the type of container is critical. If you use grade
seven plastic bottles to store your water in at higher temperatures. Like hiking
in the Arizona deserts and placing the bottle in your backpack. The more leaching
will take place and inject higher amounts of BPA’s into the water. Conversely, leaving
the bottle in direct sunlight can drastically increase this out gassing action as
well. So choose your containers carefully! Like the PiMag® Sport water bottle with
its own built-
Colloidal Silver and Chlorine tablets are one way to keep water from going bad
over time. The metal “Silver” has been a natural antibiotic for centuries. The settlers
moving across the plains would put silver dollars in the water barrels to help keep
out bacteria. The use of ultraviolet light is a great hi-
Filtration methods run as vast as Internet uses and can vary drastically in price and level of purifications. Most newer generations of portable water purifiers do a great job in removing large particles. However, when it comes to removing bacteria, microorganisms, viruses and micron particles such as heavy metals, then the prices start to rise dramatically. So your budget will determine the type of filter you purchase.
By Scott Hensler 0/12/2013
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